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Before you start any rescue efforts, you must remember to check the victim for responsiveness.
If you suspect that the victim has sustained spinal or neck injury, do not move or shake him. Otherwise, shake the victim gently and shout "Are you okay?" to see if there is any response. If the victim is someone you know, call out his name as you shake him.
If there is no response, immediately dial 9-1-1 and check the airway
"A"is for AIRWAY If the victim is unconscious and is unresponsive, you need to make sure that his airway is clear of any obstructions.
With the victim lying flat on his back, place your hand on his forehead and your other hand under the tip of the chin (Figure 1). Gently tilt the victim's head backward. In this position the weight of the tongue will force it to shift away from the back of the throat, opening the airway (Figure 2).
If the person is still not breathing on his own after the airway has been cleared, you will have to assist him breathing
As you assist the person in breathing, keep an eye on his chest. Try not to over-inflate the victim's lungs as this may force air into the stomach, causing him to vomit. If this happens, turn the person's head to the side and sweep any obstructions out of the mouth before proceeding.
If the victim remains unresponsive (no breathing, coughing or moving), check his circulation
"C" is for CIRCULATION. In order to determine if the victim's heart is beating, place two fingertips on his carotid artery, located in the depression between the windpipe and the neck muscles (Figure 1), and apply slight pressure for several seconds.
If there is no pulse, continue performing 15 compressions/2 breaths, checking for pulse after every 4 cycles until help arrives.
Count aloud as you compress 15 times at the rate of about 3 compressions for every 2 seconds. Finish the cycle by giving the victim 2 breaths. This process should be performed four times - 15 compressions and 2 breaths - after which remember to check the victim's carotid artery for pulse and any signs of consciousness.